Bibliographic elements are the pieces of information used to describe a book, journal/periodical/magazine, newspaper, or Internet resource. this descriptive information is used to create a bibliography (sometimes known as a Reference List or Works Cited). Every citation format or style includes the same four elements: author, date, title, and source (which may be the book publisher, the journal information for an article, and the electronic information like DOI). this information comes from the title page of a book or journal or the electronic record in a database. For a website, look around to find author and title equivalents, publisher, and date. for help, consult an instructor or a librarian.
Author: John R. Searle.
Title: The Rediscovery of the Mind.
Publisher: MIT Press.
Place and Date of Publication: Cambridge, MA, 1992.
Author: Searle, John R.
Title: "Insight and Error in Wittgenstein."
Journal information: Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Volume 46, issue 6, page range 527-47.
Date: December 2016.
Look at the detailed record or on the article itself for the DOI. If there isn't one, use the name of the database.